The transitional period shall end, as provided for in the Withdrawal Agreement. EU leaders would agree to postpone the Brexit date to January 31, 2020 or earlier if the British and European parliaments approve the withdrawal agreement by then. On 15 November 2018, a day after the agreement was presented and supported by the Cabinet of the British government, several members of the government resigned, including Dominic Raab, Secretary of State for Exiting the European Union. [28] A trade and security deal with Britain is about to be concluded, but the risk of a no-deal Brexit by accident in six weeks remains, with gaps on contentious issues “slowly shrinking,” EU ambassadors were told. EU-UK negotiators reached an agreement on the draft Withdrawal Agreement allowing the European Council (Article 50) to do so on 23 March 2018 On 27 March 2018, the Commission adopted guidelines for the framework for the future relationship between the EU and the UK. The other 27 EU member states are ready to allow the UK to postpone its withdrawal (the UK was due to leave the EU on 29 March 2019). If the UK Parliament approves the withdrawal agreement by 29 March at the latest, Brexit will be postponed until 22 May in order to have time to pass the necessary laws. If the British Parliament has not approved the agreement by then, Brexit will be postponed until 12 April. The UK will keep a copy of the agreement, while the original will return to Brussels, where it will be kept in an archive along with other historic international agreements. On 22 October 2019, the House of Commons agreed by 329 votes to 299 to grant the revised withdrawal agreement (negotiated by Boris Johnson earlier this month) at second reading, but when the accelerated timetable it proposed did not receive the necessary parliamentary support, Johnson announced that the legislation would be on hold.

[38] [12] The Northern Ireland Protocol, known as the “Irish backstop”, was an annex to the November 2018 draft agreement outlining provisions to prevent a hard border in Ireland after the United Kingdom`s withdrawal from the European Union. The Protocol contained a safety net provision to deal with circumstances in which satisfactory alternative arrangements have yet to enter into force at the end of the transitional period. This project has been replaced by a new protocol which will be described as follows. The UK government and the other 27 EU member states approve the draft agreement. The Brexit Withdrawal Agreement officially entitled “Withdrawal Agreement of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland from the European Union and the European Atomic Energy Community”[3][4] is a treaty signed on 24 January 2020 between the European Union (EU), Euratom and the United Kingdom (UK)[5], which sets out the conditions for the United Kingdom`s exit from the EU and Euratom. The text of the treaty was published on 17 October 2019[6] and is a renegotiated version of an agreement published six months earlier. The previous version of the Withdrawal Agreement was rejected three times by the House of Commons, which led Queen Elizabeth II to accept Theresa May`s resignation as Prime Minister of the United Kingdom and Boris Johnson on 24 July 2019 was appointed as the new Prime Minister. Prime Minister Boris Johnson wins the British general election. It is therefore likely that the Brexit agreement will be adopted soon.

If the UK Parliament approves the deal, the European Parliament will be able to vote on it in January. . . .